Located at the anterior portion of our neck, thyroid forms one of the seven endocrine glands of our body. Endocrine glands are those that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream of our body. The thyroid gland controls the body’s sensitivity to other hormones, the rate at which energy sources are used and most importantly, protein synthesis.
The thyroid gland produces two key hormones – triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) which are synthesised from iodine and tyrosine. The hormonal outputs from the thyroid gland are themselves regulated by TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) indirectly produced by hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is the portion of the brain that links the nervous system of the body to the endocrine system via the pituitary gland.
The effects of thyroid imbalances can range from mood swings to enlargement of the thyroid gland (goitre). Thyroid imbalances can be one of two varieties – hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism, as the name implies, is when the gland produces excessive amounts of the thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism is when the gland produces an inadequate amount of the thyroid hormones. Both of the above conditions lead to thyroid imbalances and do not allow the bodily functions to occur normally.
Below are some quick facts you should know about thyroid imbalances:
Women are at a higher risk
Pregnancy and menopause are the time in a woman’s life when there is a high hormonal flux which puts them at a higher risk.
Another factor that increases the risk of a thyroid imbalance is a family history of thyroid diseases, Type I diabetes and stress.
Needs immediate attention
If you are diagnosed with thyroid imbalances, treatment is essential and should be top-priority. If left untreated, it may lead to heart diseases, infertility, Alzheimer and other irreversible effects. In order to aid timely treatment, you can order medicines, after you consult a doctor, via the pharmacy online of Zigy.
You can improve thyroid function
Although imbalances need immediate treatment, we can prevent an onset of imbalances by maintaining a proper diet and exercising. Eating iodine rich foods like seafood for non-vegetarians and spinach and sesame seeds for vegetarians can keep the gland in good condition. Yoga has proven to be tremendously beneficial to regulate hormonal balance and can be practised on a regular basis. Ayurveda, an ancient Indian science has treatments for thyroid imbalances. Buy Ayurveda medicines online at Zigy.com, your one-stop shop for online Medicine.
Identification can be difficult
Being able to identify the fact that you may have thyroid-related imbalance is somewhat restricted due to the nature of symptoms associated with it. Weight loss/gain, fatigue, sleep disturbances or intolerance to cold are some of the symptoms that can be attributed to tiredness or lifestyle changes. These effects may seem inconsequential but have roots in hormonal imbalances. After the age of 35, it is important to get regular check-ups done.
Most often than not, there are emotional reactions to thyroid imbalances. Patients might feel irritable or depressed. It is important that while diagnosing depression, the thyroid hormonal levels must be taken into consideration. But, not to worry, these symptoms disappear once the imbalances have been treated.